Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD) & Defusing

Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD) & Defusing

By: Jeffrey T. Mitchell, PhD, CCISM, George S. Everly, Jr., Phd, CCISM

ISBN: 978-1-943001-16-3

Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD) & Defusing serves as a practical field guide, in digest and outline form, for providing psychological intervention to groups. These two interactive group crisis intervention tactics are most effective at restoring unit cohesion and unit performance in homogeneous groups.

View sample pages

Title information

From fires to floods and from baby deaths to line-of- duty deaths, Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) teams have been there for their distressed colleagues and friends. Thousands of times, CISM teams were dealing with groups of operations personnel. From a long list of CISM tactics the team members selected two interactive group crisis intervention tactics: Defusing and the Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD). The CISM teams have several primary goals: 1) to reduce stress, 2) to restore people to adaptive function, and 3) to identify anyone who may need additional assistance or a referral for care. This practical FIELD GUIDE on CISD and Defusing will be extremely useful for CISM team members and for anyone who wishes to join staff support programs in all walks of life. It will provide protocols and procedures for properly applying the Defusing and CISD tactics.

Publisher: ICISF, Inc.

Jeffrey T. Mitchell, PhD, CCISM

Jeffrey T. Mitchell, PhD, CCISM is Clinical Professor of Emergency Health Services at the University of Maryland in Baltimore County, Maryland. He is a member of the Graduate Faculty of the University of Maryland. He is a co-founder and President Emeritus of the International Critical Incident Stress Foundation. He earned his Ph.D. in Human Development from the University of Maryland. He served for six years as a regional coordinator of Emergency Medical Services for the Maryland Institute for Emergency Medical Services Systems. He was responsible for the development of the Emergency Medical Services System in five southern Maryland counties. After serving as volunteer paramedic / firefighter for ten years, he developed a comprehensive, integrated, systematic, and multi-component crisis intervention program called “Critical Incident Stress Management.” Today, that program reduces traumatic stress in many countries.

He has authored more than 275 articles and 19 books in the stress and crisis intervention fields. He serves as an adjunct faculty member of the Emergency Management Institute of the Federal Emergency Management Agency. He is a faculty member of Florida Institute of Technology and teaches a course on the psychology of disasters. Dr. Mitchell is a faculty member in the school of education, Johns Hopkins University. He is a reviewer for the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), Disaster Medicine, the Journal of Emergency Medical Services (JEMS) and the International Journal of Emergency Mental Health. He received the Austrian Red Cross Bronze Medal for his work in Crisis Intervention in the aftermath of the Kaprum, Austria train tunnel fire. The Association of Traumatic Stress Specialists approved Dr. Mitchell as a Certified Trauma Specialist.

The United Nations appointed him to the United Nations Department of Safety and Security Working Group on Stress.  He has consulted on stress, crisis, and trauma topics in 28 nations and in every one of the 50 United States. 

George S. Everly, Jr., Phd, CCISM

George S. Everly, Jr., PhD, CCISM is an award-winning author and researcher. In 2016, he was ranked #1 published author in the world by PubMed PubReMiner in the field of crisis intervention. He holds appointments as Professor in the Department of International Health (affiliated) at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Associate Professor (part time) in Psychiatry at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, and Professor of Psychology at Loyola University in Maryland (core faculty). He is considered one of the founding fathers of the field of disaster mental health. He was a co-founder of the Dept of Psychiatry at Union Memorial Hospital and served on the management committee 12 years. In addition, he has served on the adjunct faculty of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the FBI’s National Academy at Quantico, Virginia, and ATF’s Peer Support Team. He is an advisor to the Hospital Authority of Hong Kong. Dr. Everly is co-founder of, and serves as a non-governmental representative to the United Nations for, the International Critical Incident Stress Foundation, a non-profit United Nations-affiliated public health and safety organization. He was Senior Advisor on Research in the Office of His Highness the Amir of Kuwait. Prior to these appointments, Dr. Everly was a Harvard Scholar, visiting in psychology, Harvard University; a Visiting Lecturer in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; and Chief Psychologist and Director of Behavioral Medicine for the Johns Hopkins Homewood Hospital Center.

Purchase our complete Field Guide Series with just one click for a special bundle price! 

This bundle contains our three Field Guides "Strategic Planning", "The SAFER-R Model" and "CISD & Defusing" for a discounted bundle price.

Strategic Planning: This practical Field Guide will help you and your team to develop a strategic plan for organizing various tactical psychological and disaster mental health interventions in the most effective and efficient manner.

The SAFER-R Model: This practical Field Guide introduces the SAFER-R Model of Psychological First Aid (PFA) and is designed for use by emergency services and military peer support, educators, medical and nursing professionals as well as mental health clinicians.

Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD) & Defusing: This practical Field Guide on CISD and Defusing is extremely useful for CISM team members and for anyone who wishes to join staff support programs. It provides protocols and procedures for properly applying these two interactive group crisis intervention tactics.